WRI&DD > Departments
West-Bengal receives substantial amount of
rainfall due to its proximity to the Bay of Bengal yet we are unable to make full use of it due to some natural constraints.
Rapid rise in demand of water in all sectors of domestic, industrial and agricultural uses during the last decade has started
throwing up several problems in water resources management. So the optimal management of available water Resource has become a major
issues world over.Due to occurrence of re-current droughts, advent of high yielding varieties and introduction of an incentive orient
agricultural pricing policy paved the way for irrigate agriculture is essentially dependent on irrigation, not only in Rabi/ Boro season
but also in Khariff seasons in the event of drought or inadequate rainfall. Water Resource are being utilized in the State from medium and
major sized irrigation schemes whose culturable command area above 2000 hector and from minor irrigation schemes with the C.C.A up to
2000 hector as per the criteria laid down by the planning commission all irrigation schemes having Culturable Command Area (CCA) of
2000 hector or less are classified as MINOR IRRIGATION SCHEME.
Thus the marginal farmers who constitute the majority of cultivators and cultivate major portion of agricultural and in WB can afford to individually
investment on certain of irrigation sources. The Present policy of the government has been to create new sources and hand them over to the Beneficiary
Committees through the Panchayat for their operation maintance,optimal use and overall management.The Main field of activities of the Water Resource Development Directorate
is the development of both surface water and Ground water resources. The schemes which are implemented by this directorate for development of water resource under MI Sector.
One of the major challenges that India faced in the post-independence era is that of feeding her vast population.
In India, the agriculture being total dependent on rainfall only Khariff crop could be raised in the short monsoon months spanning from June to September, thereby putting serve limitation
on the total cereal production of the country.Immediately after independence, numbers of major irrigation projects were taken up and implemented during different plan periods to bring maximum
possible agriculture land within assured irrigation. By early seventies, most of these major irrigation projects were completed and there remained very limited scope to bring in additional culturable
command area under irrigation through execution of more of such major irrigation projects. But agricultural production and productivity needed further increase and improvement, for assuring nutritious
food to ever increasing India population.Critical overview and in-depth analysis of the performances of the completed major irrigation projects by Irrigation Commission (1972), Committee of Irrigation Ministers (1973)
and Planning Commission (1973) revealed that there were large gaps between irrigation potential created and irrigation potential utilized in case of their projects and the crop yields also were much low compared to those
of other countries.
The Irrigation Commission recommended systematic development of the command areas through irrigated management of all agricultural activities within the command areas.
These considerations led to the concept of comprehensive command area development Programme by bringing in various agriculture activities under one authority. Finally,in 1974-75 Command Area Development Programme was launched by
Govt.of India, with the objective to bridge the gap between irrigation potential created and utilized through micro level infrastructure development and efficient farm water management to enhance agricultural production and productivity and to
improve socio-economic conditions of the farmers.In West Bengal, Cad Programme was started from 1974-75 in Kangshabati, Mayurakshi and Damodar Valley Projects. The original irrigation projects were completed in all these case.Teesta Barrage
Project was started in the eighties decade and is still ongoing. Presently the Project has been declared as a National Project and 1st Sub stage of Stage I of Phase-I of the Project is expected to be completed by 2014-15. The Teesta Command
Area Development Authority was set up in 1999-2000.
State Water Investigation Directorate (SWID), an independent Directorate under the Department of Water Resources Investigation & Development, Government of West-Bengal,is headed by
the directorate assisted by engineering Wing, Geological Wing, Meteorological Unit, Chemical Laboratories, Data processing, Storage & Retrieval Cell, a Geophysical unit, to carry out investigation and assessment of water resources both in quality and
quantity of the State. It also shares expertise with various government developmental agencies in various ground water and surface water projects for agriculture, industrial and drinking water development in the State including augmentation of water
resources through implementation of various conservation/artificial recharge schemes.SWID works various types those are:
Periodical monitoring of ground water and surface water.
Periodical Census of Minor irrigation schemes.
Estimation of Ground Water Resources, as per norms of Ground water Estimation Committee (GEC) of Government of India, jointly with central Ground Water Board (CGWB).
Delineation of aquifers containing salinity, arsenic, fluoride, iron etc. beyond permissible limits,
Exploration of prospect of ground water extraction in problematic areas by sinking Exploratory Tube Wells & Observation Wells and determination of Aquifer Characteristics by Aquifer Performance Tests,
Implementation of pilot schemes for artificial recharge to ground water,
Collection, preservation and interpretation of hydro-meteorological data,
Preparation of District-wise and Block-wise hydro-geological maps and water resource maps.
Providing technical assistance to different Government Departments, Semi-Government Organizations, Local Self Bodies, Universities, WBSEB, Bank, individuals and group of individuals in the matter of withdrawal and use of surface and ground water resources.
Implementation of ‘West Bengal Ground Water resources Act, 2005 in the State of West Bengal’.
About the Project - The Legal documents of the project have been signed between Government of India, Government of West Bengal & World Bank and implemented by Water Resources Investigation and Development Department
of West Bengal from 'Jan2012 to Dec2017'.The Project aims to bring sustainable development and management of surface and ground water resources to increase agricultural productivity and rural employment generation by developing different Minor Irrigation structure with command area of
5 hectares and above. The project also aims to enhance agriculture based income of small and marginal farmers through sustainable use of irrigation resources. The project will be implemented in single Cropping area of 18 districts, West Bengal with the priority to tribal and
backward villages.The project development objective is to enhance agricultural production of small and marginal farmers in the project area. This would be achieved through Strengthening community-based institutions i.e. Water User Association WUA on irrigation management, operation and
maintenanceConstruction and development of minor irrigation schemes (surface & ground water)Support to agricultural development, including provision of agricultural services, encouraging crop diversification and use of new technologies, and creating income generating opportunities.
Total 4660 number of MI structures has been estimated to be taken up for creation of additional 1.39 Lac ha of cultivable Command Area (CCA) with an estimated cost of Rs.1380.00 cores.This will be achieved through development of minor irrigation schemes, strengthening
community-based irrigation management, and support to agricultural development, including provision of agricultural services, encouraging crop diversification and use of new technologies, and creating income generating opportunities.
West Bengal State Minor Irrigation Corporation Ltd, was created on 29th January,1974 under Companies Act 1956 (No I 1956) with the following objects:-
With the modernization of agriculture, it was felt that more and more fertilizer, seeds, pesticides will be needed and demand for appropriate
farm machinery, agricultural implements/equipment will be increased so as to enable the farmers of the State to perform different operations efficiently to increase the agricultural production. This required development
of agro based industries.Towards these objectives, Government of India took initiative for setting up Agro Industries Corporation in various states and accordingly West Bengal Agro Industries Corporation Ltd. (WBAICL) was
established in the state of West Bengal. WBAICL was incorporated under the Companies Act, 1956 on 16th August, 1968. Earlier, Govt. of India and Govt. of West Bengal had contributed towards paid-up share capital. Later,
the entire paid-up share capital held by Govt. of India was transferred in favor of Govt. of West Bengal. This Corporation is, now, under the administrative control of Water Resources Investigation & Development Department,
Government of West Bengal. The capital structure of WBAICL as on 31.05.2012.stands as follows:-