(REFERENCE YEAR 2013-14)
One of the main objectives of the Centrally Sponsored Scheme- "Rationalisation of Minor Irrigation Statistics (RMIS)" is to conduct Census of Minor Irrigation works on quinquennial basis. Under the RMIS scheme 100% Central Assistance is provided to the States and UTs for conduct of Minor Irrigation Census. Four Censuses have been completed so far with reference years 1986-87, 1993-94, 2000-2001 and 2006-07 respectively. These have helped in preparation of a sound database for Minor Irrigation Sector. The 5th Minor Irrigation Census with reference year 2013-14 is being taken up to get a pen picture of Minor Irrigation Schemes including number and Irrigation potential Created and its utilisation which is essential for estimating the availability of Ground Water, Surface Water and formulation of realistic plan for Water Resources development.
In the 5th MI Census, it is proposed to use the traditional methodology i.e. canvass paper based schedules for capturing the village level data and the MI scheme data from the rural areas. The data once captured on the schedules, are to be collected at the village level and then aggregated at the District /Block level. The data entry may be done only after thorough scrutiny of schedules. Data entry may be done at District or block level or as per availability of resources with the State Nodal Department. States should make efforts to complete the field work and data entry in one year's time. Thereafter the data is to be processed and validated for errors if any. Once the validated data CDs are received from the states, the final tables can be generated at the Central level.
The Census data would be collected through canvassing different enumeration schedules for the village and Minor Irrigation schemes. The Village schedule is to be canvassed by the Patwaries through revenue / land records maintained in the office of Government Authorities and enquiries from village level workers/gram pradhans etc. and the . Scheme related schedules are to be canvassed by the enumerators through enquiries from the owners of the schemes. In case of institutional schemes the information may be collected through available records. The schedules of enquiry along with instructions guidelines for filling them will be given separately.
While the field work is going on, supervision and checking is required to be done by:-
Block level officers
District level officers
State level officers as per the norms prescribed.
A Steering Committee is to be formed in each State with Secretary of the Nodal Department as Chairman and members from the State Departments of Revenue, Irrigation, Panchayati Raj, State Planning, DES, Rural Development and State head of NSSO (FOD). A technical Sub-Committee will be formed under the Chairmanship of Regional Chief Engineer of CWC in charge of the State to provide technical inputs and guide the State Nodal Statistical Cell during the Census operations. The Regional Chief Engineer of CWC will also be a member of the Steering Committee. A representative from regional office of CGWB will also be a member of this Committee.
It is necessary to form teams at state level which will include staff of the state Statistical Cell, Central Consultant( if and when appointed by the Centre) and field officers of CWC/ CGWB for conduct of census in the state. These teams would be entrusted with the work of training, monitoring, coordination, supervision of the census exercise in the state. Thus the technical staff of the state statistical cells should be trained during the State/Regional Trainings organized by the Centre.
Existing training module is to be standardised and put in Audio-Visual form in English/Hindi for uniformity in imparting training.
Publicity campaign at State / district level shall be under taken. Funds provided under contingency to be used for advertisement through posters / Media/ Announcement locally through hand held loudspeaker just a week before Census is to start in the villages and Census Commissioners have to ensure timely execution of the same.
COMPUTERISATION OF CENSUS DATA
SUBMISSION OF MONTHLY PROGRESS REPORT
For implementation of the RMIS scheme each State/UT Administration generally identifies a nodal Department for compilation of Minor Irrigation Statistics for the State. The head of the nodal Department, designated as the 'Census Commissioner', will be the in-charge of the complete Census work. Under RMIS, State Statistical Cells are generally created in the Nodal Department which assist in organising, coordinating and supervising the Minor Irrigation Census as and when planned by the Centre.
Central team along with the state Statistical Cell officials would also visit the state and check the quality of field work.
2.1 Implementation Guidelines
2.2 Training Programme for Data Collection:
A training cum Workshop for the Trainers will be organized at the Central level in New Delhi in which officers from each State/UT shall participate. Regional training workshops for the trainers will be organized by the Centre for all the states/UTs in some regions. In the regional trainings the nodal officer along with the Technical staff from the statistical cell of each State/UT shall participate. All of these would be trained as trainers. They would impart next level State trainings to be organised by the Minor Irrigation Census Commissioners at the State/District Headquarters in which the district level officers/ Block Level Officers and enumerators would be trained. A representative from the Centre can participate as an Observer in some such State level trainings. In addition the District level officers from all the districts, state level NIC officers, SASA/DES Head and DDG FOD of the respective state shall be requested to attend the State trainings. Thus there would be 7 to 8 participants in addition to the number of District officers from each state in the training. The details of the methodology adopted for the census, its procedure, concepts and definitions etc. would be discussed thoroughly and necessary clarifications shall be given. Each State will intimate the district level Training schedule in advance to the Centre so that a representative from the Centre can participate in some of these trainings.
The MI Census will be conducted under the overall charge of MI Census Commissioner who will be a Senior Officer of the nodal department of State / UT concerned. The fieldwork will either be undertaken by the nodal department itself or entrusted/ outsourced to some other agencies which the State/UT Government considers fit in respect of infrastructure available with it under intimation to this office. However, for the entire census operation Minor Irrigation Census Commissioner of the State/ UT shall be the pivotal point as far as Government of India is concerned and would be entitled to draw the honorarium for the State level officer. The primary work of collection of data will be carried out by the enumerators. They may be village level workers or village accountants or Lekhpals or Patwaries or any other official designated by the State/UT Government. The work of supervision will be entrusted to higher supervisor level officers of the field agency. However the overall quality of field work is to be monitored by Block/District level State officers, who in order to ensure the correctness of data will conduct frequent site visits of the schemes and check the entries made by primary enumerators. Only the officers inspecting/ supervising the field work should be entitled to draw the District/ Block level honorarium.
The primary enumerators should take along list of all schemes covered in the last census during 2006-07 while going for field work. He should visit and cover all these schemes again. He should also find out from village officials / knowledgeable people / water use association, any new MI schemes which have started functioning after 2006-07 and before or during 2013-14.
The primary enumerators while canvassing the schedules will visit the owner of the Minor Irrigation Schemes or its next neighbour and collect information on the basis of personal enquiry from him. The physical verification of the schemes will also be done by the enumerators. The purpose of the Census should be explained to the farmers to win over their confidence in revealing the specific information in respect of Minor Irrigation works. Assurance that the data furnished by them would be kept confidential needs to be given to the farmers. Certain information relating to the scheme will be collected by the enumerators by physical examination of the scheme. After filling up the schedules, the enumerators are required to deposit all completed scheduled with the Block development Officer/Officer-in-charge at the block level.
2.4 Sample Check:
The block level officer will visit atleast 5 villages in his blocks and physically verify the schemes covered, quality of census and the extent of coverage of schemes in the village and scrutinise at least 10% or 300 schedules, whichever is maximum, in order to ensure the correctness of data collected. On completion of the scrutiny and after the field visits, he shall fill up the Supervisor's report form and submit it to the state nodal office. He will supply all the schedules to the district level officer concerned where the data would be first scrutinized by the district level officer. At least 1% of the total schedules or 100 schedules, whichever is maximum, shall be selected at random and scrutinized by the district level officer. The district level officer must visit atleast 5 villages in 5 separate blocks to physically verify the quality and coverage of the MI Schemes in the census. After the field work is completed and scrutiny of forms is over, the supervisor's report form is to be filled up by the district level officers and submitted to the state nodal office with a copy to the centre. The Monthly Progress Reports on the Census sent by the State should adequately reflect scrutiny /inspection details alongwith field work. The schedules are to be handed over to the selected agency for data entry, in the prescribed format and the CD containing data as well as the schedules will be passed on to the Minor Irrigation Census Commissioner of the State/UT. For the processing of data, the software developed by NIC, Delhi, shall be used for data entry, validation and tabulation.
Frequent inspection and sample check will also be done by officers from the Central Statistical cell in the Ministry.
The National Informatics Centre (NIC), Ministry of Water Resources is requested to develop necessary software for computerising the Census data. Such software in Computer media will be provided to Minor Irrigation Census Commissioners for computerising the Census data. If necessary, private consultants/agencies may be hired by the Minor Irrigation Census Commissioners, under intimation to the Centre, to digitise the primary enumeration schedules, according to software provided by NIC. It will minimize the delays in computerization. The CD containing validated data would be prepared and after duly ascertaining the correctness of data two copies will be passed on to the Minor Irrigation Census Commissioner at the State level. One CD would be sent to the Centre by the State Minor Irrigation Census Commissioners.
The Census data received from the States at the Centre would again be scrutinized and referred to States for possible corrections. The corrected data shall be utilised for compiling National Level Report. The processing of the report and generation of tables will be taken up with the help of Water Resources Informatics Division of NIC of the Ministry in New Delhi. The State Census Commissioners shall use the corrected data for generating micro level tables as per their requirement. The tabulation plan shall be supplied to the States /UTs by the Ministry.
The State/UT Governments will submit Monthly Progress Report regarding the Census work in the prescribed Performa to the Ministry by post/by Fax/email or online through the software provided by the Ministry. This would help in monitoring the progress of Census work, taking remedial measures wherever called for. The states may also devise their own mechanism to monitor the flow of work regularly.